Early in her career, Deborah Butterfield (born 1949) sculpted in a realistic style, using the traditional medium of plaster. Then she tried an earthy compound of mud, sticks, and straw—materials from their natural environment. In a further abstracted style, she has used crumpled metal and old pipes to capture an accurate impression of the anatomy of living horses. She has developed a signature process to suggest the natural environment of horses, composing their bodies from wood twigs and branches, casting and capturing the delicate surfaces of the wood in bronze, and applying chemical patinas to simulate the natural color of the weathered wood. Butterfield has exhibited at Gallery Paule Anglim, San Francisco; The Denver Art Museum; Edward Thorp Gallery, New York; Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco; The Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati; Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence; Contemporary Art Center, Honolulu; Matthews Hamilton Gallery, Philadelphia; Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, Winston-Salem; ARCO Center for the Visual Arts, Los Angeles; Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; The Art Institute of Chicago; Zolla/Lieberman Gallery, Chicago; University Museum, Berkeley; and American Craft Council Gallery, New York; Nicola Jacobs Gallery, London; Mayor Gallery, London; and the Israel Museum, Jerusalem. She received a BFA and an MFA from University of California, Davis.